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Craft of the Game: Creating a Minimum Viable Product, P2

Tabletop gaming is filled with excellent ideas, but what happens when you have an idea that you want to share with others? The first step in doing so is creating a “minimum viable product.” At its core, a minimum viable product for tabletop RPG gaming is a stripped-down version of the product. But what does a game need to contain to make it playable? At a very high level, the answer is at the core of my P5 system: people, places, possessions, powers, and plot(s). This article will focus on “People.”


The first question a game master must answer when creating a world is determining what the character’s role are to play. (Paraphrased game advice)

Minimum viable tabletop RPG gaming products need to be populated by someone. Among the first questions you should be asking yourself is: “What type of characters populates the world you are creating?” The concept of “People” has broad application in this case. It applies to monsters, sentient machines, self-mobile plants, PC races, and even deities. Also, keep in mind that the concept of “people” necessarily isn’t tied to the idea of “character classes.” Some games don’t have “classes.” Instead, the character generation itself is freeform. Players can make anything they want, within the game’s guidelines. Most games of this nature use a point system where certain traits, powers, equipment, etc. are bought.

At its core, the concept of “people” are the masks people put on, the roles they play. Even in a superhero game, there are various roles. For instance, you have:

  • The tank: (Hulk, Juggernaut, the Thing).
  •  The speedster: (The Flash, Sonic the Hedgehog, Quicksilver).
  • The genius: (Spiderman, Antman, Mr. Fantastic, Tony Stark)
  • The powerhouse: (Superman, Shazam, Silver Surfer)
  • The gadgeteer: (Batman [Bruce Wayne] Tony Stark)
  • Comic Relief: (plastic man, Spiderman, Deadpool)

And so on.    

How are the People Represented?

In a minimum viable product, you’ll want some way to represent the “People” in it. The first classic way to do so is by using stats or attributes. Here are some examples:

  • In D&D and old school RPGs, the stats are strength, dexterity, constitution, intelligence, wisdom, charisma. In 2nd ed “Skills and Powers,” these were further broken down into:
    • Strength: Stamina, Muscle
    • Dexterity: Aim, Balance
    • Constitution: Health, Fitness,
    • Intelligence: Reason, Knowledge
    • Wisdom: Intuition, Willpower
    • Charisma Leadership, Appearance
  • In tri-stat BESM, there are body, mind, soul.
  • In Marvel’s FASERIP system, you get Fighting, Agility, Speed, Endurance, Reason, Intuition, Perception.
  • In GURPS characters are represented by Strength, Dexterity, Intelligence, and Health. These are used to create other stats.
  • In FATE, there are no stats, except for which the PCs decide for themselves.
  • In Werewolf the Apocalypse games the breakdown is:
    • Physical (Strength, Dexterity, Stamina)
    • Social (Charisma, Manipulation, Appearance)
    • Mental (Perception, Intelligence, Wits)
    • Other White Wolf Games have slightly different stats 

Another is what the characters know how to do. Some names for these broad concepts are skills, talents, and knowledge. Or you might want to categorize the skills into physical, mental, and social as some white wolf games do.   

Naming Conventions

When deciding on naming for your minimum viable product, it’s useful to examine conventions for the stats, skills, talents, and knowledge in your game, consider the following questions:

Social Games

Is this mainly a social game? Or are is there going to be lots of social interactions? If so, you might need representations of interrogation, intimidation, appearance, charisma, charm, cunning, diplomacy, manipulation, etiquette, and persuasion, etc. Many times, such games represent high society. Such games might include skills for disguise, forgery, foreign languages, cuisine, and knowledge of art.  

Physical Ability Representations

Are lots of fights going to take place? If so, stats like stamina, constitution or health, strength, fighting, dexterity, and so on are must-haves. Will the characters be athletic, doing jumps, backflips, and tight-wire walking? Do they know how to swim? Then those skills need to be represented as well.   

Modern Games  

Is the game setting going to be in the modern game? If so:

  • Driving/piloting vehicles may be a necessity. In a futuristic setting, this may include things like piloting mechas or starships. Game creators need to think of skills that represent the ability to do such things well
  • Computers/electronics are everywhere. Cellphones are more capable than the very first computers that took up an entire room in terms of what it can do and how fast it is. These types of skills would also cover such things as hacking, troubleshooting, and repairs. In a cross-genre game, it might be funny to see a person how a person who had never run into electronics would respond to seeing it for the first time.
  • Because magic doesn’t exist, physical sciences (physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth science) would be critical. Characters might be using real-world science to accomplish things in-game using such things as acoustics, aerodynamics, and rocket science.    
  • The Social sciences of Anthropology, Economics, Geography, History, Political Science, Sociology, and Psychology can also be used in-game to solve mysteries and defeat foes. 
  • Also, if you want to have characters be able to fix or destroy things, mechanics/demolition may be skills you wish to include.  

Knowledgeable Characters

Are the characters of your game going to be needing to be learned, then the game should include such skills as in D&D 3.5 :

  • Arcana (ancient mysteries, magic traditions, arcane symbols, cryptic phrases, constructs, dragons, magical beasts)
  • Architecture and engineering (buildings, aqueducts, bridges, fortifications)
  • Dungeoneering (aberrations, caverns, oozes, spelunking)
  • Geography (lands, terrain, climate, people)
  • History (royalty, wars, colonies, migrations, and founding of cities)
  • Local (legends, personalities, inhabitants, laws, customs, traditions, humanoids)
  • Nature (animals, fey, giants, monstrous humanoids, plants, seasons and cycles, weather, vermin)
  • Nobility and royalty (lineages, heraldry, family trees, mottoes, personalities)
  • Religion (gods and goddesses, mythic history, ecclesiastic tradition, holy symbols, undead)
  • The planes (the Inner Planes, the Outer Planes, the Astral Plane, the Ethereal Plane, outsiders, elementals, magic related to “the planes.”)

Tracking Characters

Urban (or wilderness) tracking allows a character to track another through the use of clues in the environment. Urban tracking skills might also be used in conjunction with rumor gathering abilities. Characters could use their charm to talk others into divulging the location of their target. Also, those characters who have extra-strong senses of smell or hearing will have an easier time tracking in a wilderness setting.    

In-Game Professions

Game creators need to also have some idea as to the types of professions in their games. Many such professional skills boil down to things as :

  • Mercenary, Guard, or Soldier
  • Sailor (navigation skills necessary to be successful in this)
  • Tanner or Tailor
  • Farmer
  • Hunterponsmith or armorsmith
  • Apothecary, medic, or doctor
  • Artist
  • Merchant
  • Professional entertainer (bard, storyteller, actor/ troupe)
  • Wandering tinkerer
  • Prostitute
  • Magic-User 

and the like.  

Thieving Skills

Games that have characters stealing valuables might want to have skills for

  • Stealth, hiding
  • Climbing, balance
  • Fighting dirty
  • Using lockpicks
  • Palming objects.

Nature-Based Skills

When characters are going to be in nature for a while, they may wish to be able to live off the land. Skills such as survival, herbalism, natural lore, and geology may help characters have a better chance of surviving. What types of things tie into this? Finding shelter, getting food, knowing what plants are useful for medicinal purposes, and avoiding dangers.     

People vs. Powers and Possessions

You might be thinking, “Why are you separating the people from their powers or possessions?” It’s a useful convention to note that the people make use of the powers and possessions. Using them in and of themselves is neither good nor evil. It’s what one does with them. Does the character believe “Might makes right?” Or do they follow the maxim, “With great power comes great responsibility?” Do they believe that “clothes make the man (or woman)?” Or do they think “the man (or woman) makes the clothes?” These are very different ideologies.

In Conclusion

Designing your own product is a fun and rewarding experience, but no one ever said there wouldn’t be bumps along the way. Looking at the idea of “people” is a useful way of starting a minimum viable product.